Solar panels are the first materials bought in order to generate electricity from solar energy. There are many types of solar panels on the market. However, we gather solar panels on many different main topics.
In this article, we will briefly describe the types of solar panels. Solar panels convert the sunlight into electric energy. Users can convert the electric energy they obtained from sunlight into alternating current by using an inverter to use it.
Solar panels, which should be preferred by those who would like to generate electricity from the sunlight, has a great role. In case you will decide on a wrong photovoltaic module (solar panel) then it may be possible that your solar panel system will be totally useless.
Brief History of Solar Panels
Solar Panel technology has made a great progress since 1839. It made a good progress in terms of both prices and efficiency.
Here are the types of solar panels:
- Monocrystalline Solar Panel (Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Module)
- Polycrystalline Solar Panel (Polycrystalline Silicon Solar Module)
- Thin Film Solar Panel (Thin Film Solar Module)
- Flexible Solar Panel
- Transparent Solar Panel
All Types of Solar Panels
Monocrystalline Solar Panels: It Is the Most Efficient Solar Panel Type
Monocrystalline is the most efficient one among the types of solar panels. This type of solar panel can generate great amounts of electricity in a limited space. However, the prices of monocrystalline solar panels are expensive when compared to other types of solar panels.
The efficiency of monocrystalline solar modules is about 24%. This rate is quite high when compared to other types of solar panels on the market. However, unit prices per watt can be twice of the other types of solar panels.
The usage and electricity generation span of these solar panels are longer than usual.
In addition to this, monocrystalline solar panels can work more efficiently in hot climates.
Finally, these solar cells can adversely affect the entire solar panel in case of too much or too less shade.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels: It Is the Cheapest Solar Panel Type
The polycrystalline solar panel is very common on the market. It is balanced in terms of efficiency and cost per unit and it is the cheapest solar panel. Many solar power plants are built with polycrystalline solar panels.
Nearly 68% of the market utilizes polycrystalline solar cells. Also, it can’t be said that they are affected a lot by the temperature changes (compared to monocrystalline).
The efficiency rates of these solar cells are about 15%.
The polycrystalline solar panel takes too much space and generates less energy.
Thin Film Solar Panels: This Panel Is The Lightest and Has Easiest Mounting Possibilities
Thin film solar panels have the smallest share in the market of electricity generation from solar energy. Thin film solar cells are not preferred a lot. The main reason why these thin film solar cells are not preferred is the fact that they have low efficiency.
These thin film solar panels take too much space. Although they cover such large spaces, they have a very poor performance in terms of space – efficiency.
The approximate efficiency of this solar panel is around 7%. This is really low efficiency.
However, these panels look very stylish. It could be said that they are usually preferred for their design.
Also, they are not heavily affected by temperature changes and shades.
Flexible Solar Panels: It Is Flexible, Efficient and Long-Lasting
The flexible solar panel is a panel which has many usage possibilities. These solar cells are very flexible. And flexible solar cells are unbreakable and very durable.
The structure of such solar cells can be both monocrystalline and polycrystalline. In this case, the efficiency of these energy panels may vary.
Flexible solar panels are very light. Because these panels do not have an aluminum frame and tempered glass. This makes them very light.
Also, they are ideal for dome-style sloped roofs. The roof doesn’t have to be flat.
They can be preferred for almost everywhere as their areas of use. For instance, bus stops, sloped factory roofs, sloped car park shades, etc.
Transparent Solar Panel: It Is A Breakthrough Solar Panel Type
The transparent solar panel is 40-50 times more efficient when compared to the solar panels on the market. This means that they can generate incredible levels of energy in a very small area.
The chemical structure of these solar cells is as follows: hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and the secret formula of the manufacturer. This transparent solar panel is sprayed to any glass surface and the glass surface will be covered with this fluid. Then the coated glass surface starts to generate electricity.
Also, they are rarely affected in case of shade.
It is told that the transparent solar panels will be introduced in the market in the following 4-5 years.
Global Solar Generator: It Generates Electricity Even in Moonlight
In fact, it is not a solar panel. However, it is a great method for electricity generation from solar energy. Maximum efficiency can be obtained from light thanks to a sphere full of water. It seems like global solar generator will be more popular in the following years. It is available on the market.
To sum up, these are the general types of solar panels. New technological developments take place every passing day. This means that a competitive environment will exist in the solar panel market and they will become more accessible to users.